The capital and largest city of Cambodia. It is a city under the central government, which has the status of municipality. The city is located on the peninsula of Indochina, Cambodia to the south, on the banks of the plain at the confluence of the Tonle Sap, Bassac and Mekong - one of the main rivers of Indochina, Cambodia, crossing from north to south and empties into the South China Sea. Phnom Penh, located at the confluence of the Tonle Sap River into the Mekong, the Mekong is the main port. It is available for ships. Railways linked to Phnom Penh port Kampongsaom (Sihanoukville) on the shores of the Gulf of Thailand Indian Ocean and Bangkok (Thailand).
History of Phnom Penh, counted from 1372, when there was founded
the monastery of the same name.
Documentary evidence about the circumstances of its origin is not, but there is a legend, according to which at the end of the XIV century. the capital of the Khmer state was Angkor. The widow Stump (Daun Penh) collected in the forest, 350 kilometers from Angkor, firewood. Having seen floating in the river tree trunk coca, the widow with the help of the neighbors managed to drag him to the shore. In the hollow of a tree widow found four bronze statues of Buddha and one stone - Vishnu. Considering this event a manifestation of God's will, the widow erected from the ground and caught her coca wood altar (in Khmer - "Phnom"), putting it statuettes. Around the altar subsequently increased Wat Phnom Don Penh, now - Wat Phnom. The monastery grew and turned into a city located in a valley.
The monastery pilgrims, and around gradually formed commercial and transport center. Therefore, when the first half in XV. Siam captured and destroyed Angkor, the Khmer King Palipehutu Yat (1393-1463 gg.) Already know where to transfer the capital of his empire, and in 1432, the future has become the main city of Phnom Penh his possessions. Today, behind the temple of Wat Phnom is a stupa containing the remains of King Palipehutu Yata and collected Buddhist statues era former capital - Angkor.
Becoming the capital, the city was named Chaktomuk or Krong Chaktomuk
(City of the Four Rivers), as at this point the river merge to form the letter - X.
Perhaps Penh is still one of the most picturesque cities in Southeast Asia. It is a kind of Asian megacities classics of the past. Phnom Penh - is the sun shining spiers of the Royal Palace, flashing bright spots saffron monastic robes, endless voices and the sound of thousands of motors, carts with bells and barkers offering to buy anything. This city is like standing on the crossroads of past and future, combining luxury and misery, chaos and exquisite charm.