Location: Peninsula Indochina.
The capital and largest city of Cambodia, the administrative center of the homonymous municipality.
Administrative divisions: 7 areas of Khanom (Daun Penh, Towle-Kop, Chamkamon, Mean-Cheyya, Rousseau-Keogh, Dang Corinthians, Saint-juice), 76 quarters, sangkat 637 districts-khromov (Village).
Languages: Khmer - official, English, French.
Ethnic groups: Khmer - 90%, other - Chinese, Vietnamese and small ethnic groups (Thai, Budongo, mnongi, Chong, Chams) - 10% (2008).
Religions: Buddhism (Theravad) - 90%, other - Islam, Christianity, indigenous beliefs - 10% (2008).
Currency: Riel.

Area: 678.46 km2.
Population: 2,301,725 ​​people (2012).
Population density: 3392.6 inhabitants / km2.
Altitude: 11.9 m.
The tropical monsoon climate.
Distinguished by a dry winter and rainy summer.
Rainy season: May - October.
The average January temperature: + 26 °C
Average temperature in July: + 28 °C
Average annual precipitation: 1635.6 mm.
Relative humidity: 73 %

Administrative, commercial, industrial and transport center of Cambodia.
Industry: woodworking, food, textile, metalworking, ship repair.
Scope of services: travel, transport, trade.
River port. Fishing.

Religious: Phnom temple and monastery (Wat Phnom, 1372 g. reconstruction in 1434. 1890, 1894, 1926), Blooming lotus temple (1442), the temple Ounalom (1443).

Architecture: statue of the Emerald Buddha (XVII century.), The Royal Palace (1866), the building of the Throne Hall (1917), the Royal treasury Villa Napoleon III, has Silver Pagoda (XIX-XX centuries), The statue of the Golden Buddha, Market Hall (1936), a conference room Chaktomuk (1961), National Sports Complex (1962-1964), the embankment of the rivers Mekong and Tonle Sap, Khemarin Palace, Chan Chaya Pavilion.

Cultural: National Museum of Khmer Arts (1920), the monument of Independence (1960), the building of the prison Tuol Sleng, the Royal Technical University (1962-1964). Buddhist University, Institute of Buddhism (the library), the National Theatre Preah Suramar (1968), The Royal Ballet.

Natural: Lake Tonle Bati, Koh Oknya Tay (Mekong).

When King Norodom Sihanouk (1922-2012), Occupy the throne until 1955, the floor was paved with Silver Pagoda, 5 thousand. Silver blocks weighing more than 6 tons. Now visitors can see only a small part of the floor. The temple is a statue of the Golden Buddha, made of 90 kg of gold and decorated with diamonds.

Next to the Silver Pagoda, the statue of Napoleon III (1808-1873), Later turned into a monument to King Norodom Suramarigu (1896-1960) By replacing the head of one monarch to another head.

In Phnom Penh from 1980. It works "Russian Market" ("Dog Towle Tom Pong"). During Soviet times, there really sold goods from the USSR: irons, electric kettles and cast iron pans. Nowadays here offer products of local artisans: bronze figurines of Buddha, bags made of natural silk and bamboo ware.

In Phnom Penh Institute of Buddhism is the library, which stores 40 thousand. Volumes and 16 thousand. Manuscripts on palm leaves.

From 1432 to 1865 in Phnom Penh, in the status of being the capital of Cambodia, was called Chaktomuk or Krong Chaktomuk. This is - the short name, full name: Krong Chaktomuk Mongkul Sakal Kampuchea Thipadeyya Sereyyator Bovor Inthabath Northwind Rath Reach Diet Moha Nokor.

Residents of Phnom Penh speak their own dialect of Khmer, very leisurely, for which he received the nickname of "lazy speech."

In Phnom Penh, there is no public transport. The most common way to get around the city is motorbikes (mopeds, scooters) and tuk-tuk (rickshaw). Apart from the pleasure of color, it is possible to have fun and the price. For example for a long trip around the city, you can pay anywhere from $ 3 a motorbike with a driver and $ 5 for a tuk-tuk.

Phnom Penh is the central point of intersection of many roads and, as a consequence, it is very convenient for travel within the country and to travel to neighboring countries. In Phnom Penh, there are a huge number of transport companies. The most famous bus companies: Capitol Transport, GST, Mai Linh, Mekong Express, Neak Krohorm and Phnom Penh Sorya Transport. Most of the offices of transport companies located in the area of ​​Dog Thmey [Psar Thmei] or Central Market (Yellow Market). Here you can easily buy tickets to any destination.

In addition to the movements on the ground, you can discover all the charm and exoticism of river / sea travel. Court different categories and different luxury travel through the Mekong River and the Gulf of Thailand. Tickets can be purchased at any travel agency or the central office of the shipping company. The company's office is located on the waterfront of the Mekong in Phnom Penh. It is worth noting that the price of the ticket in the agency, as a rule, more expensive than $ 02- 03. This is due to the fact that the price includes pick up service, which means that you will be taken from your hotel to the pier on a tuk-tuk.

Change dollars on Risley (local currency) can be not only in currency exchange (Exchange Office) and banks (ANZ Royal, Canadia Bank, Foreign Trade Bank, CBS Bank, Bank of China, etc.), but also in jewelry stores . Usually this is where you'll be offered the most favorable rate. The main site of this exchange are jewelry shops around Thmey Dog / Central Market (Yellow Market ). Also, many travel agencies can perform the operation on the currency exchange and travelers cheques (traveler's cheques).

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